Foundation for European Economic Development

[This site was last updated 23 March 2024.]

Cyprus FAQ

Cyprus, a jewel nestled in the eastern Mediterranean, captivates visitors with its blend of stunning landscapes, rich history, and vibrant culture. Whether you're considering a visit, planning to move, or simply curious about what this island has to offer, this Cyprus FAQ article aims to address a wide range of questions about this unique destination.


Cyprus, with its strategic location at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa, has been a coveted possession for numerous civilizations throughout history. Today, it stands as a modern nation rooted in millennia of history, offering a fascinating mix of natural beauty, ancient ruins, and cosmopolitan cities. This guide provides answers to frequently asked questions about Cyprus, covering essential aspects that potential visitors and residents may find useful.

General Information about Cyprus

What is the capital of Cyprus?

Nicosia, located in the heart of the island, is the capital of Cyprus. It is unique for being the last divided capital in the world, with the northern part under Turkish Cypriot control and the southern part being Greek Cypriot territory.

What languages are spoken in Cyprus?

Greek and Turkish are the official languages of Cyprus. However, due to its status as a popular tourist destination and its British colonial history, English is widely spoken and understood, especially in tourist areas and larger cities.

What is the currency of Cyprus?

Since 2008, the Euro (EUR) is the official currency of the Republic of Cyprus. The Turkish Lira (TRY) is used in the northern part of the island.

Traveling to Cyprus

Do I need a visa to visit Cyprus?

EU citizens can enter Cyprus with a valid ID card or passport. Non-EU nationals may require a visa, depending on their country of origin. It's advisable to check the latest visa requirements from official sources or the nearest Cypriot embassy before traveling.

What is the best time to visit Cyprus?

Cyprus enjoys a Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and mild winters. The best time to visit depends on your preferences. For beach holidays, the summer months (June to August) are ideal, though they can be quite hot. Spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November) offer pleasant weather, perfect for exploring the outdoors and cultural sites.

Are there any health and safety tips for travelers?

Cyprus is generally a safe and healthy destination. Tap water is safe to drink in most areas, but bottled water is recommended for those with sensitive stomachs. Healthcare facilities are of a high standard, especially in larger towns. As always, travelers should have comprehensive travel insurance.

Living in Cyprus

Can foreigners buy property in Cyprus?

Yes, foreigners can buy property in Cyprus, but there are restrictions. Non-EU citizens are limited to owning one property, and all purchases must be approved by the Council of Ministers, which is usually a formality.

What is the cost of living in Cyprus?

The cost of living in Cyprus is relatively lower than in many Western European countries but can vary significantly between urban and rural areas. Housing, utilities, and local groceries are reasonably priced, while imported goods and dining out can be more expensive.

How is the healthcare system in Cyprus?

Cyprus has a high standard of healthcare with a mix of public and private medical facilities. The national healthcare system offers free or low-cost healthcare to residents, including EU citizens with a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC). Private healthcare is also available and is often used by expatriates and those seeking shorter waiting times.

Culture and Society

What are some cultural customs and traditions in Cyprus?

Cypriot culture is a rich tapestry woven from its Greek, Turkish, and British influences. Key traditions include the celebration of name days, the importance of family, and hospitality. Religious festivals, especially those of the Greek Orthodox Church, play a significant role in Cypriot life.

What is the cuisine like in Cyprus?

Cypriot cuisine is a flavorful blend of Greek, Turkish, and Middle Eastern influences. Signature dishes include halloumi cheese, souvla (barbecued meat), moussaka, and meze - a variety of small dishes served together. Cyprus also boasts a proud tradition of winemaking, with Commandaria being one of the oldest wines in the world still in production.

Economic and Legal Questions

What is the economic situation in Cyprus?

Cyprus has a diverse economy with sectors such as tourism, financial services, and shipping playing significant roles. After the financial crisis in 2013, Cyprus has seen steady economic growth, supported by strong tourism and business services sectors.

Can foreigners work in Cyprus?

EU citizens have the right to live and work in Cyprus without a work permit. Non-EU citizens need to obtain a work permit, which usually requires sponsorship from an employer.

What is the legal system in Cyprus?

Cyprus' legal system is based on English common law and operates under a framework of civil and criminal law. The island is divided, with the Republic of Cyprus (south) having a different legal system from the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (north), recognized only by Turkey.


Cyprus offers a unique blend of historical depth, cultural richness, and modern conveniences, making it an attractive destination for travelers and expatriates alike. Whether you're drawn to its pristine beaches, ancient ruins, or vibrant city life, Cyprus promises a rewarding experience. When planning your visit or move, always consult official and up-to-date sources to ensure a smooth journey into this Mediterranean gem.

Patrons:  Giovanni Dosi, Larry Elliott, Charles Goodhart, Geoffrey Harcourt, Janos Kornai, Brian Loasby, Stanley Metcalfe, Luigi Pasinetti, Robert Skidelsky, Ulrich Witt.


The aim of FEED is to make economics more relevant, less an excercise in mathematical technique for its own sake, and more able to deal with real-world problems. Since its foundation in 1990, and with the support of several of Europe's leading economists, FEED has funded research and education throughout Europe in broader and more relevant approaches to economics.

Contact Information

Chairperson Klaus Nielsen Birkbeck College London uk

Secretary:           Maria Lissowska           Warsaw School of Economics and European Commission

Treasurer:           Geoffrey Hodgson          University of Hertfordshire, UK


Contact:                   [email protected]


Applicants for financial assistance should read the  Grants: New Applications page before contacting FEED.


Other Information

FEED has close historic links with the European Association for Evolutionary Political Economy (EAEPE),

and it also supports the World Interdisciplinary Network for Institutional Research (WINIR), among other associations.


FEED is a shareholder in Millennium Economics Ltd , the owner of the Journal of Institutional Economics